1. Know how to shut off utilities. Where?
- Locate gas valve
- Locate gas valve wrench
- Locate main water valve
- Locate main circuit breaker to shut off electricity
2. Draw a plan of your home. Draw a floor plan of your home showing the location of exit windows and doors, utility shutoffs, first aid kit, emergency supplies, food clothing, tools, and other items necessary in an emergency. This plan should be kept in a safe place and be shown to babysitters or guests if you are out of the house.
3. Choose alternate meeting places:
- Outside the home
- Inside the home
4. Pick alternate meeting places when the family is not at home, such as a friend's home, park, school, or church.
5. List a name and telephone number of a person outside your area for family members to call and report location and condition.
6. Know where emergency supplies and equipment are located.
Trained lay persons can administer First Aid on minor injuries. First aid supplies should be kept in a place known to each household member. A home medicine cabinet should be stocked with medications for minor illnesses such as aspirin, rubbing alcohol, thermometer, and anti-bacterial soap. First aid supplies such as baking soda to neutralize acid and salt, which is helpful in treating heat problems, should be kept in the kitchen.
A SAMPLE FIRST AID KIT INCLUDES:
- One (1) small box sanitary napkins to use as dressing to control severe bleeding.
- Two (2) triangle bandages to be used as an arm sling to secure dressing.
- Twelve (12) 2x2 sterile gauze pads to clean wounds and dress
- Ten (10) 3x3 sterile gauze pads
- Six (6) 4x4 sterile gauze pads
- Two (2) one-inch by five yards gauze bandage to hold dressing in place
- Three (3) two-inch bye five yards gauze bandages.
- One (1) box of Band-Aids in assorted sizes for smaller wounds
- One (1) roll of one-inch adhesive tape to secure dressings
- One (1) package of cotton-tipped applicators for various uses
- One (1) pair of small scissors to cut bandage material
- One (1) small pair of tweezers to remove splinters
- Various types of liquid, cream, or spray antiseptics.