10.0 OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING

ZONING ORDINANCE - 10.0 OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING

10.0 - PURPOSE AND SCOPE

The following regulations, applicable to all zones, are established to increase safety and lessen congestion in the public streets, to adequately provide for parking needs associated with the development of land and increased automobile usage, to set standards for the requirement of off-street parking and loading facilities according to the amount of traffic generated by each use, and to eliminate the on-street storage of vehicles along major traffic routes.
 

10.1 - OFF-STREET PARKING

10.1.1 - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

1. - The duty to provide and maintain off-street parking space shall be the joint and/or separate responsibility of the operator and/or owner of the use and/or land for which off-street parking space is required to be provided and maintained.

2. - For land, structures, or uses actually used, occupied, or operated on the effective date of this Ordinance, there shall be provided such off-street parking space as was required for such land, structures, or uses by any previous Ordinance. If such land, structures, or uses are enlarged, expanded, or changed there shall be provided, for that increment of expansion only, at least the amount of off-street parking space that would be required hereunder if the increment were a separate land, structure or use established or placed into operation after the effective date of this Ordinance.

3. - For all uses established or placed into operation after the effective date of this Ordinance there shall be constructed, provided, preserved, and maintained the amount of off-street parking space hereafter set forth.

4. - All off-street parking space, whether provided in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance or in accordance with the provisions of any former Ordinance, shall be maintained as hereinafter required.

*5. - Parking and loading spaces for all types of uses may be provided either in garages or open parking areas conforming with the provisions of this Ordinance, with the exception of the following (Amended March 15, 2010, Ord. No. 2010-25):

a.         The parking and/or storage of commercial vehicles or commercial equipment on properties zoned or used for residential purposes, shall conform with the following requirements:

 

1.         Must be parked or stored inside a fully enclosed structure, except:

(i).        On properties used or zoned for single-family residential purposes, a maximum of one commercial vehicle with print or logos that advertises a business, which has a GVWR of 11,500 pounds or less and has not had external modifications to the structure or body as defined as a commercial vehicle, may be parked or stored outside on an all-weather surface that shall be graded for proper drainage and maintained at all times in such a manner as to prevent the release of dust and to be free of dust, trash, and debris.

(ii).        On properties used or zoned for two-family residential purposes, a maximum of one commercial vehicle per unit with print or logos that advertises a business, which has a GVWR of 11,500 pounds or less and has not had external modifications to the structure or body as defined as a commercial vehicle may be parked or stored outside on an all-weather surface that shall be graded for proper drainage and maintained at all times in such a manner as to prevent the release of dust and to be free of dust, trash, and debris.

(iii).       On properties used or zoned for multi-family residential purposes, there shall be no limit on the number of vehicles with print or logos that advertises a business, which has a GVWR of 11,500 pounds or less and have not had external modifications to the structure or body as defined as a commercial vehicle that may be parked or stored outside on an all-weather surface that shall be graded for proper drainage and maintained at all times in such a manner as to prevent the release of dust and to be free of dust, trash, and debris.

(iv).       Commercial vehicles that are taking on or discharging passengers or cargo, or when temporarily parked pursuant to the performance of work.

(v).        Public or private school buses parked or stored on school or church property, subject to the vehicles being parked on an all-weather surface that shall be graded for proper drainage and maintained at all times in such a manner as to prevent the release of dust and to be free of dust, trash, and debris with a minimum 10-foot setback to any non-residentially zoned or used property and a minimum 30-foot setback to any residentially zoned or used property.

(vi).       Agricultural vehicles and equipment parked or stored on property used primarily for agricultural purposes.

*(vii).     Utility company vehicles that are responding to an emergency situation or which are on-call for an emergency situation.

            (*Amended June 15, 2009, Ord. No. 2009-43).

2.      Must be owned or operated by a resident or owner of the property where the vehicle is being parked.

(*Amended December 1, 2008, Ord. No. 2008-96)

  *b.        The parking and/or storage of recreational vehicles or utility/haul trailers on properties zoned or used for residential purposes, shall conform with the following requirements (Amended March 15, 2010, per Ord. No. 2010-25):

 
1.         On properties zoned or used for single-family or two-family residential purposes that have less than 40,000 sq. ft., a maximum of one(1) recreational vehicle or utility/haul trailer may be parked or stored outside (i.e. not within a fully enclosed structure), except as follows:
(i).        A recreational vehicle occupied by a non-resident guest, as provided for in Section 10.1.1.5.b.12 does not count toward the maximum number.
(ii).        Recreational vehicles and/or utility/haul trailers that are loading or unloading do not count toward the maximum number, as long as said loading and unloading action is no more than 72 consecutive hours.

2.         On properties zoned or used for single-family or two-family residential purposes that have 40,000 sq. ft. or more, a maximum of two(2) recreational vehicles, utility/haul trailers, or combination thereof may be parked or stored outside, (i.e. not within a fully enclosed structure), except as follows:
(i).        A recreational vehicle occupied by a non-resident guest, as provided for in Section 10.1.1.5.b.12 does not count toward the maximum number.
(ii).        Recreational vehicles and/or utility/haul trailers that are loading or unloading do not count toward the maximum number, as long as said loading and unloading action is no more than 72 consecutive hours.

3.         On properties zoned or used for multi-family residential purposes there shall be no limit on the number of recreational vehicles or utility/haul trailers that may be parked or stored outside a fully enclosed structure as long as these vehicles do not occupy required parking spaces per the Zoning Ordinance.

4.         Utility/haul trailers may not contain print or logos which advertise a business.

5.         Utility/haul trailers may contain no more than two axles.

6.         Recreational vehicles or utility/haul trailers shall have current and valid registration if required by state statute to be registered for operation on a public highway.

7.         Recreational vehicles or utility/haul trailers shall be parked, stored, and maintained in an operable condition at all times.

8.         Recreational vehicles or utility/haul trailers shall be parked or stored on asphalt, concrete, crushed stone, or brick pavers, and shall be free of noxious weeds or grass.

9.         Recreational vehicles or utility/haul trailers shall not have their wheels or other transportation devices removed, except that slide-in pick-up truck campers are allowed to be stored detached from a truck as long as they are stored in accordance with the other requirements of this section.

10.        Recreational vehicles or utility/haul trailers shall be owned by the resident, property owner, or occupant.

11.        Recreational vehicles or utility/haul trailers shall not be parked or stored so as to extend into or over any public sidewalk, street, or street right-of-way.

12.        Recreational vehicles are prohibited from being occupied or used for living, sleeping, or housekeeping purposes by the resident or property owner. Recreational vehicles may only be used by non-resident families or guests, who have an established residence outside the Village of Gurnee, subject to the following:
(i).        The number of days that recreational vehicles may be used by all non-resident guests on a property does not exceed a total of 30 days in a calendar year.
(ii).        No more than one (1) recreational vehicle may be used by a non-resident guest at any one time; and
(iii).       The owner or resident of the property on which a non-resident guest with a recreational vehicle is located, or the owner of the recreational vehicle, must register with the Director of Community Development of the Village by the next business day after such recreational vehicle is parked on said property. The registration of the vehicle shall be a written request to the Director of Community Development which contains the reasoning of the request, the address of said property, the duration of time the recreational vehicle will be present, the license plate number of the recreational vehicle that will be temporary parked, and its exact location on the property.
 
10.1.2 - LOCATION

1. - Off-street parking spaces shall be located on the same zoning lot as the building, structure, or use to which they are accessory, except that the Village Board may, by means of a covenant or other acceptable means, allow part or all of the off-street parking spaces for a particular building, structure, or use to be located on a lot other than the zoning lot occupied by said building, structure, or use.

2. - PARKING IN FRONT YARDS

- In the R-1, R-2, R-3, and R-4 zoning districts, no vehicle shall be parked in any front yard; except upon a driveway which is normally incidental to a single-family residence or other allowed use, and then only if authorized by the building and subdivision codes of the Village. In the R-5, R-6 C/O-2, I-1, I-2 and I-3 zoning districts, no parking shall be permitted in the front yard, though emergency access or fire access lanes may be constructed, In the C/B-1, C/B-2, C/O-1, C/S-1, C/S-2, and C/S-3 zoning districts, parking excluding those vehicles owned, leased, and operated by any commercial or industrial establishments, shall be permitted in the front yard, but only if set back from all properly lines by a five (5) foot landscaped area. Parking may be permitted in the front yard of a use situated in the P zoning district, but only if authorized by the Village Board, pursuant to the recommendation of the Plan Commission.

3. - PARKING IN SIDE OR REAR YARDS

- Parking may be located in the required side or rear yards of any zoning district, provided that a five (5) foot landscaped area be used to separate the parking area from the lot line in all zoning districts except for classifications where single-family detached residences are allowed. In zoning districts where single-family detached residences are allowed, parking may be located in any required side or rear yard. In cases where the height of a permitted building exceeds forty (40) feet in height, parking in the side or rear yard shall be limited to the internal three-fourths (3/4ths) of the provided side or rear yard.

4. - ADJACENT TO A RESIDENTIAL DISTRICT

- In any district, on any lot devoted to other than single-family use, if any front lot line, side lot line, or rear lot line separates the lots from or is across the street or alley from a lot in a residential district, the off-street parking shall not be located closer to such lot line than the minimum front yard depth, side yard depth, side yard width or rear yard depth (as the case may be) prescribed by the district in which the off-street parking area is located, in no case however, shall this distance be less than ten (10) feet.

- Further, all off-street parking areas containing more than four (4) spaces shall be effectively screened on each side adjoining or fronting on any property situated in any Residence District by a wall, fence, or densely planted, compact hedge not less than three (3) feet nor more than six (6) feet in height.

5. - LOCATION OF PARKING AISLES OR ACCESS DRIVE

- All parking aisles shall be subject to compliance with setback requirements for parking imposed elsewhere in this Section.

 

10.1.3 - PROVISION OF PARKING FACILITIES

Separate off-street parking space shall be provided for each use or the parking space required of two (2) or more uses located on the same zoning lot may be combined and used jointly, provided, however:

1. - COLLECTIVE PROVISION OF FACILITIES

- Off-street parking facilities for separate uses may be provided collectively, if the total number of spaces so provided is not less than the sum of the separate requirements for each such use and provided that all regulations governing location of parking spaces, in relation to the use served, are observed. Further, no parking space or portion thereof, shall serve as the required space for more than one (1) use, unless otherwise specifically authorized in accordance with this Ordinance.

2. - JOINT USE OF FACILITIES

- If groups of buildings contain uses which vary in their parking requirements, the number of parking spaces required shall be the sum of the individual requirements of each use. However, where peak parking requirements occur at distinctly difference times of the day or at difference times of the week as determined by the Village Board, pursuant to the recommendation of the Plan Commission, joint parking facilities may be shared by two (2) or more uses if so authorized.

 

10.1.4 - DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT, AND MAINTENANCE

Every parcel of land hereafter used as a public or private parking area greater than four (4) spaces, including a commercial parking lot and an automobile or trailer sales lot, shall be designed, developed, and maintained in accordance with the following requirements. The parking area:

1. - REPAIR, DISMANTLING, AND SERVICING OF VEHICLES

- Shall not be used for the repair, dismantling, or servicing of any vehicles, equipment, materials, or supplies.

2. - DRAINAGE AND SURFACING

- Shall be graded for proper drainage and provided with an all-weather surfacing maintained at all times in such a manner as to prevent the release of dust and to be free of dust, trash and debris.

3. - ACCESS

- Shall be designed such that each required off-street parking space shall open directly upon an aisle or driveway of such width and design as to provide safe and efficient means of vehicular access to such parking space.

4. - INTERFERENCE WITH TRAFFIC MOVEMENT

- Shall be designed with appropriate means of vehicular access to a street or alley in such a manner as to minimize interference with traffic movement.

5. - ENTRANCE AND EXIT POINTS

- Shall be provided with entrances and exists each of which shall not be less than twelve (12) feet in width nor more than twenty-five (25) feet in width, excluding any lane control island or other such device as may be commonly used to separate traffic.

6. - CURBING AND GUARDS

- Shall be provided with curbs, wheel guards, or bumper guards located along all exterior parking lot lines in such a manner so as to prohibit protrusion of any portion of a parking vehicle(s) beyond established parking area.

7. - LIGHTING -

- Shall, if hazards exist which can be eliminated or lessened by properly designed and located lighting, be required to be illuminated. The Plan Commission may recommend, and the Village Board may authorize, any required parking facilities to be illuminated at such hours and in such a manner as deemed to be in the best interest of the public safety and security. Lighting facilities, if required, shall be so arranged and operated so that they neither unreasonably disturb occupants of adjacent properties nor interfere with traffic. All exterior lighting fixtures shall be shaded so that no direct light is cast upon any property located in a residence district.

8. - LANDSCAPING

- Shall be landscaped with not less than one (1) tree of not less than two and one-half (2 1/2) inches in caliper for each ten (10) parking spaces measured according to permitted stall widths and lengths and shall be maintained on a continuing basis. Each tree shall occupy not less than one hundred (100) square feet of landscaped area. Location of landscaped areas is at the discretion of the developer of property owner, and may be adjacent to the minimum landscaped area (front, side, rear yard) prescribed by the district in which the off-street parking is located as additional landscaped area or may be located in interior planting islands. Minimum width of planting islands at the location where the tree is planted shall be six (6) feet. Planting shall be so located as to foster an environmentally sound planted area and to not unduly interfere with snow removal. The selection of trees shall be from the Village approved list of parkway trees (See Subdivision Ordinances, Part V-G-6) or acceptable substitutes may be approved in writing by the Village Board.

 

*10.1.5 - SIZE OF PARKING AREA AND SPACE

Each off-street parking space and area shall be designed in accord with, and have an area of not less than that required by, the following table. Angle parking of a type not specified below is not permitted:

Permitted Parking Configurations

- Parking Types - Stall Width= - Stall Length== - Aisle Width - Bay Width*
- 45 Degree Angle - 9.0 Feet - 18.0 Feet - 14.0 Feet - 50.0 Feet
- 60 Degree Angle - 9.0 Feet - 19.0 Feet - 18.0 Feet - 56.0 Feet
- 75 Degree Angle - 9.0 Feet - 19.0 Feet - 20.0 Feet - 58.0 Feet
- 90 Degree Angle - 9.0 feet - 18.0 Feet - 24.0 Feet - 60.0 Feet
- Parallel - 22.0 Feet - 08.0 Feet - ** - **

Footnotes to Table:
= - Handicap Parking Spaces = 12'6" wide, space width dimensions parallel to aisle: 45 degrees - 17'8", 60 degrees - 14'6", 75 degrees - 13'0", 90 degrees - 12'6".
== - Measured perpendicular to center line of access road beginning with face of curb.
* - Measured perpendicular face to face of curb or ground bumper; the overall bay width dimension includes two stall lengths and one aisle width.
** - Street pavement serves as aisle width and as bay width; parallel parking is not permitted along access drives or in parking garages.

Each parking space shall have a vertical clearance of at least seven (7) feet and shall be of usable shape and condition.
(*Amended March 24, 1986, Ord. No. 86-16)

 

10.1.6 - UNITS OF MEASUREMENTS

For purposes of this Section, the following units of measurement shall apply:

1. - FLOOR AREA

- In the case of offices, merchandising, or service type of uses, "Floor Area" shall mean the gross floor area used or intended to be used by tenants and/or owners or for service to the public as customers, patrons, clients and patients, including areas occupied by fixtures and equipment used for display or sale of merchandise. It shall not include areas used for non-public purposes, such as storage, incidental repair, processing or packaging of merchandise, for show windows, for offices incidental to the management or maintenance of stores of buildings, for toilet or restrooms, for utilities, or for dressing rooms, fitting or alteration rooms.

2. - DWELLING UNIT

- A dwelling unit shall mean a room or group of rooms providing living quarters for a family or household.

3. - SEAT OF BENCH

- A seat shall be the space intended for one (1) individual; in place where patrons or spectators occupy benches, pews, or other seating facilities, each twenty (20) inches of such seating facilities shall be counted as one (1) seat.

4. - EMPLOYEES

- Parking spaces required on an employees basis shall be based on the maximum number of employees on the premises at any one time whether on duty or residing therein.

5. - FRACTIONS

- When units of measurement result in the requirement of a fractional space, any fraction shall require one (1) parking space.

 

10.1.7 - SPACE REQUIRED

Off-street parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with the minimum requirements as hereinafter set forth.

1. - RESIDENTIAL USES

a. - Single-Family Detached Dwellings:
- Two (2) spaces shall be provided for each dwelling unit.

b. - Townhouse and Two-Family Dwellings:
- Two (2) spaces shall be provided for each dwelling unit.

c. - Multiple-Family Dwellings:
- Two (2) spaces shall be provided for each dwelling unit with one (1) or more bedrooms. One and one-half (1 1/2) spaces shall be provided for every efficiency or studio dwelling unit.

d. - Mobile Home Parks:
- Two (2) spaces shall be provided for each mobile home space or pad.

*2. - COMMERCIAL USES

- a. - Amusement Establishments, as follows:
(1) - Bowling Alleys: Five (5) parking spaces shall be provided for each alley, plus additional spaces as may be required herein for affiliated uses, such as bars, restaurants, etc.

(2) - Pool and Billiard Halls, Amusement Parks and Establishments, Indoor Amusements: Three (3) parking spaces shall be provided for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor are plus three parking spaces for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of gross land area.

(3) - Dance Halls, Skating Rinks: Ten (10) parking spaces shall be provided for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area.

(4) - Handball, Racquet, Squash, and Tennis Courts and Clubs: Four (4) parking spaces shall be provided for each court, plus additional spaces as may be required herein for affiliated uses as retail stores, restaurants, etc.

(5) - Swimming Pools: One (1) parking space shall be provided for each five thousand (5,000) square feet of gross land area and seventy-five (75) square feet of water area.

b. - Automobile Laundry (Car Wash)
- Stacking spaces shall be provided to accommodate waiting automobiles equal in number to five (5) times the maximum capacity of the automobile laundry for each wash rack, plus one (1) parking space for each two (2) employees. Maximum capacity, in this instance, shall mean the greatest number of automobiles undergoing some phase of laundering at the same time.

c. - Automobile Service Station Facilities
- Two (2) parking spaces shall be provided for each island of pumps plus two (2) parking spaces for each service stall plus one (1) parking space for each two (2) employees.

d. - Barber Shop
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each one hundred fifty (150) square feet of floor area.

e. - Beauty Salon
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each one hundred fifty (150) square feet of floor area.

f. - Business Machine Sales and Service
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

g. - Cartage and Express Facilities
- One (1) parking space shall have provided for each vehicle maintained on the premises, plus one (1) space for each two (2) employees.

h. - Catering Establishments
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

i. - Clothing and Costume Rental
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

j. - Commercial Stadiums, Fairgrounds, Rodeos, Grandstands, and Race Tracks
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each four (4) seats provided.

k. - Food Stores, Grocery Stores, and Supermarkets
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area.

l. - Fuel and Ice Plants and Storage
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two (2) employees.

m. - Furniture and Appliance Stores and Establishments for Repair of Household Equipment and Furniture
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for the first one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area, plus one (1) space for each additional six hundred (600) square feet of floor area.

n. - Glass Products, Production and Sales
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two (2) employees.

o. - Golf Courses
- Sixty (60) parking spaces shall be provided for each nine (9) holes of regular golf, or forty (40) space for every nine (9) holes of Par "3," or Pitch and Putt Golf.

p. - Heliports and Airports, Private and Commercial
- Parking spaces shall be provided in adequate number as determined by the Office of the Zoning Administrator.

q. - Hotels, Motels, Inns, Apartment Hotels, Auto Courts and Tourist Homes
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each guest or sleeping room or suite, plus one (1) additional space for each employee.

r. - Leather Goods and Luggage Stores
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

s. - Mail Order House (see "Retail Stores" if direct sales are involved)
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each one (1) employee.

t. - Motor Vehicle, Motorcycle, Bicycle, and Other Outdoor Recreational Vehicle Sales, Rental and Service
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area, plus one (1) parking space for each three thousand (3,000 ) square feet of gross land area.

u. - Newspaper Distribution Agency
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

v. - Outdoor Rifle Range, Trap or Skeet Shooting Range
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two thousand (2,000) square feet of gross land area.

w. - Photostatting, Blueprinting Establishments
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

x. - Physical Culture and Health Clubs, Reducing Salons, and Gymnasiums, excluding those with spectator seating
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each one hundred fifty (150) square feet of floor area.

y. - Plumbing and/or Electrical Equipment Showrooms and Shops
- Three (3) parking spaces shall be provided for each one (1) employee.

z. - Printing and Publishing Establishments
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two (2) employees.

aa. - Radio, Recording and Television Studios
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

bb. - Recreation and Community Center Building
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

cc. - Repair of Shoes, Clothing and Hats
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

dd. - Restaurants or Establishment Dispensing Food and/or Beverages for Consumption on the Premises (not including drive-in establishments)*
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each one hundred (100) square feet of floor area, or one (1) parking space for each three (3) seats, plus one (1) parking space for each employee, whichever is greater.
(*Amended September 22, 2003, Ord. No. 2003-69)

ee. - Restaurants (carry-out)
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each fifty (50) square feet of floor area.

ff. - Restaurants (drive-in) and/or Refreshment Stand (where food and/or beverage is consumed in a vehicle)
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each twenty (20) square feet of floor area, but not less than ten (10) spaces.

gg. - Retail Stores (unless listed separately)
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area.

hh. - Roadside Stands
- As determined by the Village Board to adequately provide for all parking off of the public right-of-way, but not less than six (6) spaces.

ii. - Stables and Riding Academies
- Parking spaces shall be provided in adequate number as determined by the Village Board.

jj. - Tailor and Dress Making Shops
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

kk. - Taverns, Cocktail Lounges and Night Clubs
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each one hundred (100) square feet of floor area or parking spaces equal in number to thirty (30) percent of the capacity in persons, whichever is greater.

ll. - Taxidermist
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each employee.

mm. - Telegraph Office
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each five hundred (500) square feet of floor area.

nn. - Telephone Exchange and Equipment Buildings
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each person employed on the premises, plus one space for each five thousand (5,000) square feet of floor area which is not devoted to electrical or transmission equipment.

oo. - Theaters (indoor)
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each four (4) seats up to four hundred (400) seats, plus one (1) for each six (6) seats over four hundred (400) seats.

pp. - Theaters (outdoor)
- Reservoir parking space shall be provided equal to ten (10) percent of the vehicle capacity of the theater.

qq. - Travel Bureaus and Transportation Ticket Agencies
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

rr. - Undertaking Establishments and Funeral Parlors
- Six (6) parking spaces shall be provided for each chapel or parlor, or one (1) for each fifty (50) square feet of floor area used for services, whichever is greater, plus one (1) parking space for each funeral vehicle kept on the premises.

3. - OFFICE USES

a. - Banks, Savings and Loans, and Financial Institutions
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area. Drive-in establishments shall provide six (6) stacking spaces per teller or customer service area.

b. - Business or Professional Offices; not elsewhere listed
- Five (5) parking spaces shall be provided for the first one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area and one (1) parking space shall be provided for each additional three hundred (300) square feet of floor area.

c. - Laboratories, Research and Testing
- One (1) parking space shall be provided by every two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

d. - Medical or Dental
- Four (4) parking spaces shall be provided for each doctor on staff, plus two (2) parking spaces for every three (3) employees.

4. - INDUSTRIAL USES

a. - Industrial and Manufacturing Uses, or any Establishments Engaged in Production, Processing, Cleaning, Servicing, Testing or Repair of Materials, Goods or Products
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each three (3) employees, enterprise, based on the largest shift.

b. - Penal and Correctional Institutions
- Two (2) parking spaces shall be provided for each three (3) employees, plus spaces adequate in number and determined by the Village Board.

c. - Public Utility and Service Uses
- Two (2) parking spaces shall be provided for each three (3) employees, plus spaces adequate in number as determined by the Village Board.

d. - Railroad and Water Freight Terminals, Railroad Switching and Classification Yards, Repair Shops and Roundhouses
- Two (2) parking spaces shall be provided for each three (3) employees.

e. - Temporary Buildings for Construction and Temporary Real Estate Tract Offices
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two hundred fifty (250) square feet of floor area.

f. - Truck Terminals
- Two (2) parking spaces shall be provided for each three (3) employees, plus one (1) space for each truck.

g. - Warehouses and Storage Buildings
- Two (2) parking spaces shall be provided for each three (3) employees, plus one (1) space for each vehicle used in the conduct of the enterprise.

h. - Wholesale Establishment (but not including warehouses and storage buildings other than accessory)
- Two (2) parking spaces shall be provided for each three (3) employees, plus one (1) space for each eight hundred (800) square feet of floor area in access of four thousand (4,000) square feet.

5. - SCHOOLS, INSTITUTIONS AND PLACES OF ASSEMBLY

a. - Animal Hospitals and Veterinary Clinics
- Four (4) parking spaces shall be provided per doctor, plus one (1) space for each additional employee.

b. - Auditoriums, Gymnasiums, Convention Halls, and Other Places of Assembly
- Parking space shall be provided equal to thirty (30) percent the capacity of the facility in persons.

c. - Churches, Temples, Synagogues and Chapels
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each four (4) seats in the main auditorium.

d. - Colleges, Universities, and Trade Schools
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each five (5) students (based on the maximum number of students that the facility is designed to handle at any one time), plus two (2) spaces for each three (3) employees.

e. - Elementary and Junior High Schools
- Two (2) parking spaces shall be provided for each classroom. However, if a place of assembly is provided in the school and the parking spaces provided for the place of assembly is equal to or in excess of the requirement for the classrooms, the classroom requirements need not be provided.

f. - High Schools
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each eight (8) students (based on the maximum number of students that the facility is designed to handle at any one time), plus two (2) spaces for each classroom. However, if a place of assembly is provided in the school and the parking space provided for the place of assembly is equal to or in excess of the requirement for the classroom, the classroom requirement need not be provided.

g. - Hospitals
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each two (2) beds, plus two (2) spaces for each three (3) employees.

h. - Nursery Schools
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each employee.

i. - Nursing Homes, Convalescent Center, Geriatric Center and Similar Type Establishments
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each five (5) beds, plus two (2) spaces for each three (3) employees, plus one (1) for each doctor assigned to the staff.

j. - Libraries, Art Galleries, Museums, and Aquariums
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each eight hundred (800) square feet of floor area

k. - Parish, Parsonage, Rectory, Convent, Monastery, Nunnery and Religious Retreat
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each one thousand (1,000) square feet of floor area.

l. - Philanthropic and Eleemosynary Institutions
- One (1) parking space shall be provided for each five hundred (500) square feet of floor area.

m. - Private Clubs and Lodges
- Parking spaces shall be provided equal in number to thirty (30) percent of the capacity in persons.

6. - PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENTS

- Parking facilities shall be provided on the basis of the required spaces for each individual use, except as specified in Article 9, Section 9.2.

7. - OTHER USES

- For uses not listed heretofore in this schedule of parking requirements, parking spaces shall be provided on the same basis as required for the most similar listed uses, or as determined by the Village Board, after its receipt of recommendation from the Plan Commission.

 

10.1.8 - MODIFICATIONS

The Village Board may authorize a modification, reduction, or waiver of the foregoing requirements, if it should find that, in the particular case appealed the peculiar nature of the residence, business, trade, industry or other use, or the exceptional shape or size of the property or other exceptional situations or condition which would justify such action. Prior to authorizing a modification to these parking requirements, the Village Board shall consider the recommendation of the Plan Commission.

 

10.2 - OFF-STREET LOADING

10.2.1 - WHEN REQUIRED

Off-street loading space shall be required and maintained in connection with any building or part thereof, hereafter erected or altered which is to be occupied by uses requiring the receipt or distribution of materials or merchandise.

 

10.2.2 - LOCATION

1. - SAME LOT

- Off-street loading space shall be located on the same lot as the structure for which provided.

2. - REQUIRED YARDS

- Off-street loading space may occupy all or any part of any required yard space, other than the front yard or side yard adjoining a street. The Village Board may authorize off-street loading in the front or side yard adjoining a street if such authorization would not result in traffic hazards.

3. - LANDSCAPING

- Off-street loading spaces that adjoin or are across the street from property zoned for any residential use, shall have a dense evergreen planting, fence, masonry wall, or such other screening, as may be determined by the Village Board. The Village Board shall also determine the height, location, and density of screening used to provide adequate protection to adjoining property. In making its determination, the Village Board shall consider the recommendation of the Plan Commission.

4. - INTERSECTION OF ADJACENT STREETS

- No permitted or required loading berth shall be located within thirty (30) feet of the nearest point of intersection of any two (2) streets.

 

10.2.3 - DUTY TO PROVIDE

The duty to provide the off-street loading space herein required shall be the joint and/or separate responsibility of the operator and owner of the structure or structures for which off-street loading space is required to be provided. No structure shall be designed, erected, altered, used or occupied unless the off-street loading space herein required is provided in at least the amount herein set forth; provided, however, that off-street loading space need not be provided for structures actually used, occupied and operated on the effective date of this Ordinance unless, after the effective date of this Ordinance, such structures are enlarged or expanded, or the uses within such structures are enlarged, expanded or changed, so as to require a greater amount of off-street loading space than the amount of off-street loading space not required to be furnished by reason of the foregoing exclusion, in which event, the structures hereby excluded shall not be used, occupied, or operated unless there is provided for the increment only of such structures, and maintained as herein required, at least the amount of off-street loading space that would be required hereunder if the increment were a separate structure.

 

10.2.4 - DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT, AND MAINTENANCE

Every parcel of land hereafter used for off-street loading space shall be designed, developed, and maintained in accordance with the following requirements. Off-street loading space:

1. - REPAIR, DISMANTLING, AND SERVICING OF VEHICLES

- Shall not be used for the sale, repair, dismantling, or servicing of any vehicles, equipment, materials, or supplies if such loading facilities are within five hundred (500) feet of a Residence or Commercial District.

2. - DRAINAGE AND SURFACING

- Shall be graded for proper drainage and provided with an all-weather surfacing material capable of bearing a line load of two hundred (200) pounds per square foot and shall be maintained at all times in such a manner as to prevent the release of dust and to be free to dust, trash, and debris.

3. - ACCESS AND MANEUVERING

- Shall be provided with entrances and exits and each of which shall not be less than twelve (12) feet in width, nor more than thirty-six (36) foot of width, excluding any lane control island or other such device as may be commonly used to separate traffic, and shall be so designed as to provide adequate vehicular access and maneuvering space in a manner which does not unduly interfere with safe vehicular traffic movement.

4. - PROTECTION

- No portion of a vehicle shall project into a street, alley, or other public right-of-way while being loading or unloaded.

5. - SIZE

- Unless otherwise specified, a required off-street loading berth shall be at least twelve (12) feet in width by at least thirty (30) feet in length, exclusive of aisle and maneuvering space, and shall have a vertical clearance of at least fifteen (15) feet.

6. - OFF-STREET PARKING REQUIREMENTS

- Space allocated to any off-street loading berth shall not, while so allocated, be used to satisfy the space requirements for any off-street parking facilities or portions thereof.

7. - CENTRAL LOADING FACILITIES

- Central loading facilities may be substituted for loading berths on the individual zoning lots provided the following conditions are fulfilled:

a. - Each zoning lot served shall have direct access to the central loading area without crossing streets or alleys at-grade.

b. - Total off-street loading berths provided shall meet the minimum requirements herein specified, based on the sum of several types of uses served. (Area of types of uses may be totaled before computing number of loading berths).

c. - No zoning lot served shall be more than five hundred (500) feet removed from the central loading area.

d. - The tunnel or ramp connecting the central loading area with the zoning lot served shall be not less than seven (7) feet in width and have a clearance of not less than seven (7) feet.

8. - BELOW MINIMUM REQUIRED FACILITIES

- Uses for which off-street loading facilities are required herein, but which are located in buildings of less floor area than the minimum prescribed for such required facilities, shall be provided with adequate receiving facilities, accessible by motor vehicle, off any adjacent alley, service drive, or open space serving that zoning lot.

 

10.2.5 - AMOUNT OF SPACE REQUIRED

At least the following amounts of off-street loading space shall be provided, plus an area or means adequate for maneuvering, ingress and egress:

1. - RESIDENTIAL USES AND COMMERCIAL TRANSIENT USES

- Hotels, Motels, Lodging Houses, Apartment Hotels, and Multi-Family Dwellings: For buildings containing 10,000 to 200,000 square feet of floor area, one (1) off-street loading berth shall be provided, plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 200,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof. Each such loading berth for buildings in excess of 100,000 square feet of floor area shall not be less than twelve (12) feet in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length.

2. - COMMERCIAL USES

a. - Undertaking establishments and Funeral Parlors: For buildings containing 8,000 to 100,000 square feet of floor area, one (1) loading berth shall be provided, plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 100,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof.

b. - For the uses listed hereunder, one (1) loading berth shall be provided for buildings containing 10,000 to 100,000 square feet of floor area, plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 100,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof. Each such loading berth for buildings in excess of 100,000 square feet of floor area shall not be less than twelve (12) feet in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length.
(1) - Amusement Establishments.
(2) - Bowling Alleys.
(3) - Dance Halls.
(4) - Gymnasium.
(5) - Pool Halls.
(6) - Skating Rinks.
(7) - Swimming Pools.

c. - For the uses listed hereunder, one (1) loading berth shall be provided for buildings containing 10,000 to 150,000 square feet of floor area, plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 150,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof. Each such loading berth for buildings in excess of 20,000 square feet of floor area shall be not less than twelve (12) feet in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length.
(1) - Radio and television stations and studios.
(2) - Recording studios.

d. - For the uses listed hereunder, one (1) loading berth shall be provided for buildings containing 10,000 to 200,000 square feet of floor area, plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 200,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof. Each such loading berth for buildings in excess of 100,000 square feet of floor area shall not be less than twelve (12) feed in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length.
(1) - Schools; music, dance, business, and trade.
(2) - Theaters, indoor.

e. - For the uses listed hereunder, one (1) loading berth shall be provided for buildings containing 5,000 to 40,000 square feet of floor area. For buildings containing 40,000 to 100,000 square feet of floor area two (2) loading berths shall be provided, plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 100,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof. Each such loading berth for buildings in excess of 10,000 square feet of floor area shall be not less than twelve (12) feet in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length.
(1) - Cartage and express facilities.
(2) - Mail order houses.
(3) - Printing and publishing.

3. - OFFICE USES

- For the uses listed hereunder, one (1) loading berth shall be provided for buildings containing 10,000 to 100,000 square feet of floor area; for each additional 100,000 square feet of floor area up to 500,000 square feet, one (1) additional loading berth shall be provided, plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 500,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof in excess of 500,000 square feet. Each such loading berth for buildings in excess of 100,000 square feet of floor area shall not be less than twelve (12) feet in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length.
a. - Banks and financial institutions.
b. - Medical and dental clinics.
c. - Offices, business, and professional.
d. - Offices of labor organizations.

4. - INDUSTRIAL USES

a. - For the uses listed hereunder, one (1) loading berth shall be provided for buildings containing 5,000 to 40,000 square feet of floor area; for buildings containing 40,000 to 100,000 square feet of floor area two (2) loading berths shall be provided, plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 100,000 square feet of floor area of fraction thereof. Each such loading berth for buildings in excess of 10,000 square feet of floor area shall be not less than twelve (12) feet in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length.
(1) - Any productions, processing, cleaning, servicing, testing, repair, or storage of distribution.
(2) - Fuels, petroleum, flammable liquids, fats, or oils-storage and wholesale distribution.
(3) - Motor freight terminals.
(4) - Storage and warehousing.

b. - For the uses listed hereunder, one (1) loading berth shall be provided for buildings containing 10,000 to 100,000 square feet of floor area, plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 100,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof. Each such loading berth for buildings in excess of 20,000 square feet of floor area shall be not less than twelve (12) feet in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length.
(1) - Airports and commercial heliports.
(2) - Air, railroad, and water freight terminals, railroad switching and classification yards, repair shops, and roundhouses.
(3) - Sewage treatment plants.

5. - SCHOOLS, INSTITUTIONS, AND PLACES OF ASSEMBLY

a. - For the uses listed hereunder, one (1) loading berth shall be provided for buildings containing 10,000 to 100,000 square feet of floor are plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 100,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof. Each such loading berth for buildings in excess of 20,000 of floor area shall be not less than twelve (12) feet in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length.
(1) - Arenas.
(2) - Auditoriums.
(3) - Hospitals.
(4) - Institutions for the care and treatment of alcoholics, drug addict patients, or the insane or feeble-minded.
(5) - Nursery schools.
(6) - Penal and correctional institutions.

b. - For the uses listed hereunder, one (1) loading berth shall be provided for buildings containing 10,000 to 150,000 square feet of floor area, plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 150,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof. Each such loading berth for buildings in excess of 20,000 square feet of floor area shall be not less than twelve (12) feet in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length.
(1) - Banquet halls.
(2) - Convention halls.
(3) - Exhibition halls.

c. - Recreation Buildings or Community Center, non-commercial:
- For buildings containing 10,000 to 100,000 square feet of floor area one (1) loading berth shall be provided. For each additional 100,000 square feet of floor area up to 500,000 square feet, one (1) additional loading berth shall be provided, plus one (1) additional loading berth for each additional 500,000 square feet of floor area or fraction thereof in excess of 500,000 square feet. Each such loading berth for buildings in excess of 20,000 square feet of floor area shall be not less than twelve (12) feet in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length.

6. - PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENTS

- Loading berths shall be provided on the basis of the required berths for each individual use.

7. - For all other uses, loading facilities shall be provided in accordance with the following schedule:
-
- FLOOR AREA OF - - - - - REQUIRED
ESTABLISHMENT IN THOUSANDS - - - - NUMBER AND
- OF SQUARE FEET - - - - - SIZE OF BERTHS
OR FRACTIONAL PART THEREOF - - - - - -
- - 5 to 10 - 1 - (12 ft x 30 ft.)
- - 11 to 25 - 2 - (12 ft x 30 ft. ea.)
- - 26 to 40 - 2 - (12 ft. x 65 ft. ea)
- - 41 to 100 - 3 - (12 ft. x 65 ft. ea)
- - 101 to 250 - 4 - (12 ft. x 65 ft. ea.)

- For each additional 200,000 square feet of floor area, over 250,000 square feet of floor area, one (1) additional loading berth, not less than twelve (12) feet in width by sixty-five (65) feet in length shall be provided.

 

10.2.6 - MODIFICATIONS

The Village Board may authorize a modification, reduction, or waiver of the foregoing requirements, if it should find that, in the particular case appealed the peculiar nature of the business, trade, industry, or other use, or the exceptional situation or condition, would justify such action. Prior to authorizing a modification to these off-street loading requirements, the Village Board shall consider the recommendation of the Plan Commission.